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Introduction

2019-10-14 Author: giser Browse: 936

Abstract: China-Pakistan Joint Research Center on Earth Sciences (CPJRC) I. OVERVIEW China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is the flagship...

China-Pakistan Joint Research Center on Earth Sciences (CPJRC)

I. OVERVIEW

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is the flagship and great significant project of the Belt and Road Initiative. To support CPEC, China-Pakistan Joint Research Centre (CPJRC) will focus on (lie frontier scientific problems in earth sciences, hazards and risk, and regional sustainable development along CPEC and become an international-level platform for Cliina-Pakislan scientific and technological cooperation with prominent experts from both countries. CPJRC is being established jointly by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Higher Education Commission of Pakistan.

II. AIM

The aim of CPJRC is to study and evaluate the impact of geo-hazards and climate change on the security of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and sustainable development of the region. It will lead to development of instruments for risk analysis, hazard mitigation, resource management, ecosystem and environment protection, thereby improving socio-economic development of Pakistan.

III. MAJOR OBJECTIVES

a. To lead the way in expanding the frontiers 〇f knowledge in earth sciences by researching earth science in the joint areas of Himalayan, Hindu Kush and Karakorum mountains. b. To support physical security of CPEC connectivity by developing principles, procedures and technologies to mitigate the effect of natural hazards. c. To develop the understanding of hazard formation and risk analysis for reducing vulnerabilities of CPEC infrastructures and society against geo-hazards. d. To improve llie effectiveness of early.warning, monitoring and prevention systems lo protect the lives, livelihoods and health of local residents. e. To develop scientific and technological capability and capacity to protect and recover eco- environment. f. To undertake research and offer solutions for sustainable development of rural economy, society, environment and food security.

Ⅳ. ORGANIZATION

Leading organization:
Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan, Quaid i-Azam University,Pakistan
Participating Organizations and Institutions:
Supporting organizations of China Supporting organizations of Pakistan
1. Chinsese Academy of Sciences (CAS) 1. Ministry of Planning, Developmenl and Reform (MPDR)
2. Ministry of Sciences and technology of China (MoST) 2.Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)
3. Ministry of Commerce (MoFCOM) 3. Higher Education Commission, Pakistan (HEC)
4. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) 4. Pakistan Science Foundation (PvSF)
5. China Earthquake Administration 5.Pakistan Academy of Science (PAS)
6. National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) 6. Pakistan Meteorological Deparlment (PMD)
7.Geological Survey of Pakistan (GSP)
8.National Disaster Management Autliority (NDMA)
9. Frontier Works Organization (FWO)
10.Pakistan Space and Upper Atmospheric Research Commission (SUJPARCO)
Participating Academic Institutions of China Participating Academic Institutions of Pakistan
1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS 1. Quaid-i-Azam University
2. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS 2. National University of Science and Technology (NUST)
3. South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, CAS 3. National Institute of Oceanography
4. Ilnslilute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS 4. COMSAl'S Institute of Information Technology
5. Instilute of Geology and Geophysics, CAS 5. University of Peshawar (NCEG)
6. Instilute of Atmospheric Physics, CAS 6. University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar
7. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology Geography, CAS 7. Military College of Engineering, Risalpur
8. Institute of Rock and Mechanics, CAS 8. Karakorum International University, Gilgit
9. Northwest Institute of Eco-environment and Resources, CAS 9. University of Karachi
10. Qinghai Institute of Salt Lakes, CAS 10. Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad
11. hislitute of Genetics Sc Development and Resource, CAS 11. Center for Advanced Studies in Food Security, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
12. Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, CAS 12. Any other institute recommended by HEC
13. Institute of Earth Environment (Xi'an),CAS
14. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS)
15. University of Sciences and Technology of China (USTC)
16. Any oilier institute recommended by CAS

V. Expected Outcomes

1. Expected Outcomes: geo-hazards, disaster risk reduction

a. The dynamic mechanisms of mountain uplift and erosion induced by crystal subduction and magma activities in the Himalaya Western Syiitaxis region.

b. Tectonic movement characteristic on Himalaya western syntaxis and its-mineralization mechanism.

c. Mechanism of material migration and energy transformation and their effects on disaster formation in the high gradient, high alpine, and high ground motion intensity region, breakthrough in the prevention and miligation theory on disaster chain.

d. Variation and trend of glacier, hydrology, ecology, and water resources under climate change.

e. Ocean-ground-atmosphere interaction mechanism and its effect on the surface process and environment disaster in Pakistan coast region.

f. Comprehensive utilization of ecological and hydrological resources in CPEC and its sustainable development theory.

2. Expected outcomes: Ecology, environment resources and sustainable development.

a. Models of climate and environment change in CPEC, reliable prediction system of extreme weather, so as to improve the local weather forecast level and its impact on economy including water and food security.

b. Material-energy conservation model and hydrological model for glaciers, assessments of the effects of glacier and snow variation the climate and water resources, so as to provide basic data for the water resources management.

c. Viable and systematic platform for the dynamics of resources and environment of CPEC, related geographical resource-environment information system.

d. Objective assessment of the impact of infrastructure on the regional development and environment, so as to provide the basis for industrial structure and adjustment, transportation, and priority of regional development.