The full name of Pakistan is the Islamic Republic of
Pakistan, which means "holy land" and "halal state".
More than 95% of the residents believe in Islam, which
is a multi-ethnic Islamic country. The national language is Urdu.
Pakistan is located in the northwest of the South Asian
subcontinent, bordering on the Arabian Sea in the south,
India in the East, the people's Republic of China in the
northeast, Afghanistan in the northwest and Iran in the West.
The coastline is 980 kilometers long. The southern part has
a tropical climate and the rest belongs to subtropical
climate. The capital is Islamabad, the former capital
Karachi is the largest city.
Three fifths of the territory is mountainous and hilly,
the southern coastal area is desert, and the northward
extension is continuous plateau pasture and fertile soil.
The highest mountain is K2 (with the height of 8611 m).
The Himalayas, Karakoram mountains and Hindu Kush mountains,
three famous mountains in the world, converge in northwest
Pakistan, forming a unique landscape. The Indus River,
which originates from China, enters Pakistan territory,
runs 2300 kilometers from north to south, and finally
flows into the Arabian Sea.
The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad.
Pakistan is a developing country and a member of the
World Trade Organization, the Organization of the
Islamic Conference, the Group of 77, the Non-Aligned
Movement, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and
the Commonwealth of Nations.